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  Gymnostachyum sahyadricum
 
  Family: ACANTHACEAE
  Citation:  Gymnostachyum sahyadricum C.N. Mohanan, Ramadevi & Binojk., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 26: 38. 2002.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs to 1 m tall; young twigs quandrangular, sparsely pubescent. Leaves opposite, 4-16 x 3-5.5 cm, ovate, acuminate at apex, tapering towards base, subcoriaceous, entire glabrous; lateral nerves 8-9 pairs, arching to form an intramarginal vein; petiole 2-5 cm, glandular pubescent above. Flowers in ca 3 cm long, panicles, axillary and terminal, first trichotomously branching and then as unilateral cymes; bracts and bracteoles ca. 1.5 mm long, linear-lanceolate, pubescent. Flowers ca. 1.5 cm long; pedicels 1 mm, pubescent. Calyx lobes 3 mm long, linear-lanceolate, pubescent on both surfaces, glandular outside. Corolla lobes subequal, oblong, obtuse at apex, 2 lower lobes smaller than the upper ones, pubescent. Stamens 2, epipetalous; anthers included, basifixed, oblong, glabrous; filaments pubescent, connectives slightly produced at apex. Ovary, glabrous except for a few glandular hairs towards the apex; ovules about 8 in each cells; styles hairy; stigma simple. Capsule ca. 18 x 2 mm, linear, glandular pubescent towards the apex; seeds about 16 (usually 10-12 seeded by abortion), compressed, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-April
  District(s): Idukki
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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