Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Gymnopetalum tubiflorum
  Citation:  Gymnopetalum tubiflorum (Wight & Arn.) Cogn. in DC., Mon. Phan. 3: 388. 1881; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51: 292. 2006; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 391. 2009. Bryonia tubiflora Wight & Arn., Prodr. 1: 347. 1834. Gymnopetalum wightii Arn., Madras J. Lit. Sci. 8: 52. 1840; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 611. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 530(374). 1919; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 54. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 175. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 118. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 199. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 291. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 213. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 202. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 135. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 290. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 154. 1998. Gymnopetalum zeylanicum Arn., Hook.'s J. Bot. 3:278.1841.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Perennial herbs; stems very slender, furrowed, shortly hairy to subglabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, 2.5-8 x 2.5-7 cm, ovate-cordate, narrow to moderate sinus at base, apex acuminate, acute, shallowly to somewhat deeply 3-5-lobed or occasionally subentire, lobes acute or obtuse, margin dentate, each tooth terminated by mucro c. 0.5 mm long, apical mucro up to thrice as large, scabrid above with coarse, tubercle-based hairs, indumentum of softer, long, white simple hairs beneath; petiole 1.5-4 cm long, softly pubescent with short, white hairs intermixed with very much longer, patent, white, coarse, tubercle-based hairs, Inflorescence racemose, flowers white. Male flowers in short, stalked, umbellate racemes; peduncles up to 4.5 cm long, bracts 2 mm long, linear-filiform; pedicel 5-6 mm long; calyx lobes 1-1.5 x0.15 mm, linear-subulate, tube c. 1 cm long, minutely pubescent, sparsely long hirsute; corolla tube 1.5 cm long, lobes 7-8 x 3.5-4 mm, broadly ovate- to obovate oblong, apex obtuse to subacute, narrowed at base. Female flowers: calyx and corolla lobes similar to male; ovary c. 3.5 x 0.75-1 mm, densely hairy. Fruit red, 4.5-5 x 1 .75 cm, ovate-ellipsoid, tapered at each end, finely, sparsely hairy; mature fruiting pedicel (1.5-)3-5.5 cm long; seeds c. 7 x 4 mm, somewhat oblong, smooth, blackish.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-November
  District(s): Kasaragode, Idukki, Malappuram, Palakkad, Kannur, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Habitat: Deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vazhani, Pandimotta, Vavalala, Poochapara, on way to Kannoth, Kumbla, Kaikatty forests-Pothundy, Kanjirakadavu
Kerala News Online