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  Gossypium hirsutum
 
  Family: MALVACEAE
  Citation:  Gossypium hirsutum L., Sp. Pl. (ed.2) 975. 1763; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 389. 1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 32. 1996; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 409. 2005. Gossypium herbaceum L. var. hirsutum (L.) Mast. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 347. 1874.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karpassi, Paruthi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrub or undershrub, 1-3.5 m high; stems much branched, greenish red, densely hairy or glabrous. Leaves more or less orbicular, 3-10 x 3-15; lobes ovate to broadly 3-angled, acuminate at apex, acute, obtuse or rounded at sinuses, slightly thrown up in a fold or not. Upper leaves sometimes ovate and entire. Petioles 2-10 cm long; stipules lanceolate, often falcate, 6-12 x ca 2.5 mm. Flower axillary, solitary; pedicel 1-2 cm long. Epicalyx lobes broadly ovate, cordate at base, 2-4 x ca 1.3 cm, laciniate; teeth 7-12, linear to lanceolate. Calyx cupular, 5-6 x 4.5-5.5 mm, with 5 rounded acuminate segments; nectaries distinct on nerves. Corolla 5-6 cm across, yellow to yellowish white, rarely with a purple centre. Petals obovate, 4-6 x 3.5-4.5 mm. Staminal column 1-2 cm long. Capsules ovoid, rarely globose, 3-4 x 2-3 cm, 3-5 loculed. Seeds ovoid, 3-5 mm long, with a copious coat of floss and fuzz.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-March
  District(s): Kozhikkode
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of Central America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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