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  Gossypium barbadense
 
  Family: MALVACEAE
  Citation:  Gossypium barbadense L., Sp. Pl. 693. 1753; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 102(73). 1915; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 388. 1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 29. 1996; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 408. 2005. Hibiscus barbadensis (L.) O. Ktze., Rev. Gen. Pl. 1: 67. 1891.
  Malayalam Name(s): Panjhi, Paruthi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cotton
  Description: Erect shrubs, 3-4 m high; stems sparsely stellate-pubescent or glabrate, gland-dotted. Leaves alternate, ovate-orbicular, 7-18 cm long, cordate at base, 3-7 lobed; lobes ovate-lanceolate, entire at margin, glabrous with a single elliptic nectary on midnerve beneath; petioles 10-20 cm long, glabrescent, gland-dotted; stipules falcate or lanceolate, 1-1.5 cm long, slightly auricled at base and glabrous. Flower axillary, solitary; pedicel ca 2 cm long, with nectaries just below epicalyx. Epicalyx lobes 3, ovate, cordate at base, 4-6 cm long, laciniate at margin, gland-dotted, accrescent. Calyx cupular, truncate at apex, gland-dotted. Corolla funnel-shaped, yellow; petals obovate, glabrous. Staminal column ca 2.5 mm long, glabrous, antheriferous above. Ovary ovoid, ca 8 mm long, gland-dotted, glabrous, 3-loculed; styles ca 2.5 cm long, glabrous; stigmas linear, decurrent. Capsules elongate, 3-6 cm long, glabrous; seeds subglobose, ca 7 mm across with white cotton.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Native of South America
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities:
   
 
   
 
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