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  Gossypium arboreum
 
  Family: MALVACEAE
  Citation:  Gossypium arboreum L., Sp. Pl. 693. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 347. 1874; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 387. 1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 27. 1996; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 408. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 117. 2009. Gossypium perenne Blanco, Fl. Filip. 537. 1837.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattuparuthi, Muripparutthi, Chemparuthi
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Tree cotton
  Description: Annual or perennial shrubs, 1-3 m high; young branches pubescent with stellate and a few simple hairs, gland-dotted, glabrescent, purple. Leaves alternate, ovate to orbicular, cordate at base, palmately 3-5 or 7 lobed or parted with an extratooth in sinus, 5-10 x 7-12 cm; lobes lanceolate, gland-dotted above, sparsely stellate hairy beneath with 1-3 nectaries on main nerves; petioles 3-8 cm long; stipules linear, often falcate, 0.5 to 1 cm long, sparsely stellate-hairy. Flower axillary, solitary; pedicel ca 2 cm long. Epicalyx lobes ovate, cordate at base, entire or toothed, acute at apex, 1.5-2.5 x 1-2 cm, accrescent. Calyx cupular, ca 4 mm long, somewhat 5-dentate at apex and glabrous. Corolla ca 7 mm across, yellow, sometimes brown. Petals obovate, ca 4 x 3 cm, sparsely pubescent at margin. Staminal column ca 1.5 cm long, glabrous, antheriferous towards apex. Ovary ovoid or 3-gonous, ca 4 mm long; styles ca 2 mm long; stigmas linear. Capsules more or less globose, ca 3 cm, with 3-4 mm long beak, 3 or 4 loculed; seeds 5-17 per locule, ca 7 mm across, with floss and fuzz; floss white and rusty.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-February
  District(s): Alappuzha, Kozhikkode
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude:
  Localities: Angadikkal
   
 
   
 
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