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  Gloriosa superba
  Citation:  Gloriosa superba L., Sp. Pl. 305. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 358. 1892; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1519(1061). 1928; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 292. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 416. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 389. 1985; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 320. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 477. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 401. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 812. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 510. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 482. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 391. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 14,34. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 471. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 729. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 457. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 314. 1999; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 165. 2000; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 353. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 507. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 695. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 881. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kanthel, Kariyilanchi, Karthikapoovu, Malathamara, Menthonni, Ventoni
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Climbing lily, Glory lily, Malabar glory lily
  Description: Herbaceous climbers with tuberous roots. Leaves subsessile, alternate, opposite or whorled, 5-13 x 1.5-4 cm, ovate-lanceolate, base cordate or amplexicaul, apex acuminate, ending in a tendril. Flowers bisexual, showy, axilliary, solitary or in few-flowered, terminal racemes; pedicel to 7 cm long. Perianth-lobes 6, free, 5-7 x 0.8-1.2 cm, linear-oblong, reflexed or spreading, base narrow, margin undulate, apex acuminate, yellowish below and reddish above. Stamens 6; filaments 3-4 cm long; anthers oblong-linear, versatile. Ovary 1 x 0.5 cm, oblong, 3-locular; ovules numerous; style to 4 cm long, deflexed; stigmas 3. Capsule 3-5 x 1-2 cm, ellipsoid-oblong; seeds many, 3 mm, globose, warty.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen, moist deciduous and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Red, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Monocotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1500
  Localities: Vazhani, Chiyyaram, Chinnar, Alampetty, Mullakkudy, Kariamchola, Ezhimala, Nelluyampathy forests, Adoor, Tolpetty, Taliparamba, Anmooly slopes, Mathur, Vandanam, Canoli, Achencovil
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