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  Fioria vitifolia
  Citation:  Fioria vitifolia (L.) Mattei, Bot. R. Orto. Bot. Palermo 2: 71. 1917; T.K. Paul & M.P. Nayar, Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 109. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 75. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 58. 1990; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3:310.1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 74. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 34. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 26. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 80. 2005; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 405. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 113. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 148. 2009. Hibiscus vitifolius L., Sp. Pl. 696. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 338. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 98(70). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 47. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 88. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 76. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 80. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 79. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 36. 1995; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 86. 1997.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattuvelluram, Vellai-ooral
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Grape Leaved Mallow
  Description: Erect branched under shrubs to 1.5 m tall; stems terete, green, densely clothed with glandular and stellate hairs. Leaves 4-8 x 3-8 cm, broadly ovate or more commonly 3-5-lobed, with triangular segments, base cordate, margins coarsely dentate to serrate, apex acute, basally 5-7-nerved, minutely stellate above, tomentose below; petioles 4-13 cm long; stipules to 2 mm long, linear to filiform. Flowers solitary or 3-5 in a cluster, c. 4 cm across; pedicel to 3 cm long, articulated above the middle. Involucral bracts 6-8, 1-1.5 cm long, linear. Calyx c. 3 cm across, campanulate, 5-lobed, the lobes ovate-triangular, acute. Corolla 6-7 cm across, yellow with a dark purple center; petals 5, 4-5 x 3-4 cm, obovate. Staminal column c. 2 cm long, antheriferous throughout, apex 5-toothed; filaments to 3 mm long; anthers c. 2 mm long, purplish. Ovary c. 4 x 3 mm, ovoid, pentangular, 5-celled; stylar branches 5, purplish, glandular hairy; stigmas 5, capitate, purplish, glandular hairy. Capsules 1.5-2 cm across, depressed globose, strongly 5-winged. Seeds c. 3 mm long, reniform, minutely tubercled, brown, glabrous.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-December
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Dry deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: Yes
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Churullipetty, Alampetty, Muthuvarachal, Tiruvalla, Cheruvathur, Payyanur, Pooyamkutty, Kalavoor, Vadapuram, Karulai, Thenmalai, Ariankavu
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