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  Euphorbia pallens
  Citation:  Euphorbia pallens Dillw., Review Hort. Malab. 55. 1839; V.S. Raju, Rheedea 11: 45. 2001; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 259. 2007. Euphorbia articulata Dennst., Schluss. Hort. Malab. 37. 1818, non Aublet 1775; Binoj. & Balak., Rheedea 3:113.1993. Euphorbia atoto sensu Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 248. 1887, non G. Forst. 1786; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1275(892). 1925.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs or undershrubs, up to 2 m high, erect or ascending, glabrous or sparsely hairy; stems many from a thick rootstock, stout, dichotomously branched nodes thickened; internodes 1-3 cm long. Leaves opposite, shortly petiolate, ovate or ovate-oblong, oblique at base, acute to obtuse at apex, entire, entire, 2- 3 x 1-1.5 cm, sparsely hairy on lower surface, coriaceous; mid-nerves prominent; petioles ca 2 mm long, channelled above; stipules united, broad, fimbriate. Cyathia in terminal clusters; involucre turbinate, ca 2 x 1.5 mm; lobes 5, triangular, oblong, laciniate, hairy, as long as the glands; glands 4, rounded, ca 1 x 1 mm; limb of glands obovoid, slightly larger than the gland; peduncle ca 1 mm long, glabrous. Male floret: pedicels ca 0.5 mm long; filaments articulate over the pedicels; anthers subglobose, transversely dehiscent; bracteoles filiform, ca 1.5 mm long; peripheral bracteoles deeply laciniate. Female floret: gynophore ca 2 mm long, glabrous; ovary ca 4 x 2mm, glabrous; styles 3, free from base, each bifid at apex; stigma capitate. Capsule obtusely keeled, 4-6 mm across, glabrous; seeds oblong-ovoid, 2-2.5 x 1.5-2 mm, smooth.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Kasaragode
  Habitat: Along sea coasts
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Maloth
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