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  Elaeocarpus sphaericus
  Citation:  Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K.Schum., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3: 5. 1890; S.K. Murti in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 555. 1993. Ganitrus sphaerica Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 271. 1791. Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 559. 1831; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 400. 1874.
  Malayalam Name(s): Rudraksham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Utrasum-bead tree
  Description: Trees, to 30 m tall, often buttressed at base; young parts puberulous. Leaves alternate, 7-15 x 2.5-5 cm, oblong-lanceolate, oblanceolate or elliptic, cuneate or acute at base, acute or acuminate at apex, minutely crenate-serrate or subentire, thinly sericeous becoming glabrous, often with glands at nerve axils beneath, chartaceous; petioles 1-1.5 cm long, sharply margined, pubescent. Racemes 5-8 cm long, axillary, drooping, glabrous. Flower-buds ovoid-conical; flowers white, 8-10 mm across, nodding; pedicels 8-9 mm long, hairy. Sepals 6-7 mm long, linear-lanceolate or oblong, acuminate, silky canescent outside, 1-ribbed inside. Petals white, 7-9 mm long, oblong or obtriangular laciniate, pubescent along margins near base. stamens 30-40; filaments ca 1 mm long, puberulous; anthers 2.5-4 mm long, puberulous, acuminate bearing short, white bristles at apex, locules unequal. Ovary globose, silky villous, 4-5 loculed, rarely 1-4 or 6-10 loculed; styles longer than stamens. Drupes 1.5-2.5 cm across, globose, deep blue or purple and succulent when ripe, mealy outside, usually 5-loculed; pyrenes globose, usually 5-locular, rarely 1-4 or 6-10 locular, 5-seeded, strongly tubercled and marked with as many longitudinal furrows as locules.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-December
  District(s): Idukki, Malappuram, Thrissur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Grown as garden plant
  Distribution: North East India, Myanmar to Malaysia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
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