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  Elaeocarpus recurvatus
  Citation:  Elaeocarpus recurvatus Corner, Gard. Bull. Straits Settlm. 10: 319,325. 1939; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 36. 1988; S.K. Murti in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 549. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 36. 1996; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 47. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 48. 1999; M. Reema et al. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 501. 2005. Elaeocarpus ferrugineus (Wight) Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 112. 1871, nom. illeg.; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 406. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 124(88). 1915. Monocera ferruginea Wight, Ic. t. 205. 1839, non jack. 1830.
  Malayalam Name(s): Cholarudralksham, Rudraksham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 13 m high; bole buttressed; young branches and leaves covered with rusty tomentum. Leaves simple, alternate, clustered at the tip of branchlets, 7.5-15 x 4-8 cm, ovate or ovate-oblong, folded back, boat shaped, apex acute or caudate, base acute or cuneate, margin crenate or serrulate, glabrous above except downy midrib, softly pubescent beneath, coriaceous ; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent, veins dividing dichotomously towards the margin, intercostae reticulate, obscure ; petiole 15-50 mm, stout, tomentose ; stipules free, lateral, cauducous. Flowers bisexual, white, in short axillary racemes to 7 cm. Sepals 5, lanceolate, pubescent. Petals 5, 1.2 cm long, broadly ovate, sparsely within, inserted round the base of glandular disc. Stamens numerous, inserted between the glands on the disc; anthers ending in straight bristle; ovary superior, subglobose, densely silky outside, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; style subulate, entire. Fruit a drupe, ovoid; stone single, compressed, coarsely tubercled; seed one.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Kannur
  Habitat: Shola forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Localities: Pothumala, Vattavada, Sispara
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