Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Dysoxylum malabaricum
  Citation:  Dysoxylum malabaricum Bedd. ex Hiern in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 548. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 178(128). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 110. 1984; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 60. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 95. 1996; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 32. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 60. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 133. 1997; S.S. Jain & S.S.R. Bennet in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 489. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 60. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 132. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 57. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 118. 2005; N.C. Nair & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 653. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 209. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Akil, Purippa, Vellakil
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): White cedar
  Description: Trees, to 35 m high, bark 5-8 mm thick, greyish-yellow, rough, verrucose; lenticels warty, fissured; aromatic, outer bark dead, corky. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, estipulate; leaflets 7-11, opposite, subopposite or alternate, 9-23 x 3-5 cm, elliptic-oblong, ovate-oblong or lanceolate, apex acuminate, base oblique or acute, margin entire, puberulous when young, glabrous at maturity, coriaceous; rachis 17-28 cm long, stout, angular, swollen at base, pubescent; lateral nerves 6-20 pairs, parallel, ascending, prominent, intercostae reticulate, obscure, secondary laterals prominent. Flowers bisexual, greenish-yellow, fragrant, 5-6 mm long. Calyx deeply 4 lobed, lobes more or less obtuse. Petals 4, linear-oblong, subacute, pubescent outside, imbricate. Staminal tube urceolate, more or less 4-angled, with 8 deep emarginate crenatures; anthers 8, included; disc cup shape, entire, only just enclosing the ovary. Ovary superior, densely pubescent, 4-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; tapering into style; stigma capitate, 4-lobed. Fruit a capsule, 5-7.5 cm long, pyriform, verrucose, bright yellow, with 4 longitudinal furrows; seeds 3-4, reddish-brown, bluntly trigonus.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thrissur, Kannur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-1300
  Localities: Sholayar, Pattikkad, Kallar, Koruthode, Pezha, Appuppanthode, Thalichola, Ettapadappu
Kerala News Online