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  Dysoxylum binectariferum
  Citation:  Dysoxylum binectariferum (Roxb.) Hook. f. ex Bedd., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 25: 212. 1866; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 546. 1875; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 178(127). 1915; S.S. Jain & S.S.R. Bennet in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4: 486. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 59. 1998; N.C. Nair & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 652. 2005. Guarea binectarifera Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2:240.1832. Dysoxylum macrocarpum Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 150.1871.
  Malayalam Name(s): Akil, Karakil
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 25 m high, bark yellowish-grey; blaze creamy-yellow; young parts and inflorescence minutely pubescent. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, estipulate; rachis 12.5-19 cm long, stout, angular, swollen at base, pubescent; leaflets 5-9, alternate, estipellate; petiolule 4-10 mm long, stout, pubescent; lamina 6-17 x 2.5-8 cm, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic-oblong or elliptic, base oblique, acute or cuneate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, dark green above, pale beneath; lateral nerves 6-14 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers bisexual, 7-9 x 10 mm, white, in axillary panicles; pedicels short, articulated; calyx cupular, 3 x 5 mm, subentire, nearly half of the length of petals, coriaceous, pubescent; petals 4, 10 x 3 mm, oblong, minutely puberulus, velvety; staminal tube 1 cm long, cylindric, mealy, 4-angled, terminating in 8 obscurely 2-fid teeth, glabrous; anthers 8, included; disc surrounding and twice as long as the ovary, glabrous inside, puberulous outside, 8 toothed; ovary superior, ribbed, villous, 4-celled; ovules 2 in each cell ;attenuated into the style; stigma hemispheric, truncate. Fruit a capsule 5-8 x 6 cm, red, obovoid, depressed at apex, smooth; seeds 4, 5 x 2.5 cm, dark purple with yellow hilum and white aril, shiny.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-January
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Uppermanalar, Eravangalar
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