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  Duranta erecta
  Citation:  Duranta erecta L., Sp. Pl. 637. 1753; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 360. 1988; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 613. 1990; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 244. 1997; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 355. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 533. 1997; Rajendran & Daniel, Indian Verbenaceae 149. 2002; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 562. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 646. 2009. Duranta repens L., Sp. Pl. 637. 1753; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 228. 1982; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 294. 1985; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 363. 1994. Duranta plumieri Jacq., Select. Strip. Arn. 186. 1763; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 560. 1885; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1106(774). 1924.
  Malayalam Name(s): Duranta
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Duranta, Golden Dewdrop, Honey drops, Pigeon Berry
  Description: Shrubs; branches often spiny, terete. Leaves 2.5 - 5.5 x 2-4 cm, elliptic-ovate or obovate, base cuneate, margins entire or coarsely serrate above the middle, apex acute, glabrous; petiole to 1 cm long. Flowers in simple or panicled racemes, terminal and axillary; pedicel 2-5 mm long. Calyx tubular, fleshy, 3-4 mm long, angled, persistent. Corolla blue or violet, with or without two purplish stripes on the tube; tube 4-6 mm long, densely puberulent outside above the calyx, limb 7-9 mm across, densely puberulent on both surface, especially towards the throat within. Stamens 4, didynamous. Ovary globular, 8-locular, 8-ovuled. Drupes yellow or orangeish - yellow, 6-10 mm across, globose, completely enclosed by the fruiting-calyx.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: July-March
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Grown as hedge plant, also getting naturalised
  Distribution: Originally from America; now widespread throughout the world
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Blue, Violet, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: Yes
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Bandukha, Chengannur, Nilambur
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