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  Drypetes sepiaria
  Citation:  Drypetes sepiaria (Wight & Arn.) Pax & Hoffm. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Euphorb.-Phyllanthoid.-Phyllanth. 271. 1922; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 364. 1984; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 281. 1999; Chakrab. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 21: 272. 1997; Kumar et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 26: 142. 2002; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 333. 2007; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 627. 2009. Hemicyclia sepiaria Wight & Arn., Edinb. New Phil. J. 14: 297. 1833; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 337. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1299(909). 1925.
  Malayalam Name(s): Veeramaram, Vellakasavu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 15 m high, bark grey, thin, smooth; branchlets yellowish or blackish, terete. Leaves simple, alternate; stipules small, caducous; petiole 3-8 mm, stout, puberulent; lamina 2-9 x 1.5-4.5 cm, ovate, elliptic, ovate-oblong, ovate-elliptic or orbicular, base round or cordate, apex obtuse or round and retuse, margin entire or crenate, thickly coriaceous, glabrous, shining; lateral nerves 4-8 pairs, slender, pinnate, obscure, ascending, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual, yellowish, in axillary clusters; male flowers: pedicel 4-7 mm, pubescent; tepals 4, 3-4 x 2.5-3.5 mm, small, concave, ciliate, obtuse, imbricate; stamens 6-10; filaments 2 mm, free; anthers oblong; disc disciform or shortly cupular; female flowers: pedicel 1-10 mm long, pubescent; tepals 4, 2-4 x 1.7-3.5 mm, small, concave, ciliate; disc annular, crenate; ovary ovoid, 1-1.5 mm across, 1-locular, ovules 2; style 1; stigma broad, cupular, peltate, fimbriate. Fruit a drupe 8 mm across, globose, glabrous, red; epicarp crinkled; seed 1, arillate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Alappuzha, Kollam, Idukki
  Habitat: Dry and moist deciduous forests, also the sacred groves in the plains
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Champakkad, Chinnar, Kalavoor
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