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  Drypetes gardneri
  Citation:  Drypetes gardneri (Thw.) Pax & Hoffmann in Engl., Pflanzenr. Euphorb.-Phyllanthoid.-Phyllanth. 270. 1922; Chakrab. et al., Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 21: 264. 1997; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 330. 2007. Hemicyclia gardneri Thw. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 7: 21. 1855; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 338. 1887. Hemicyclia travancorica Bourd., For. Trees Travancore 329. 1908; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1300(910). 1925. Drypetes travancorica (Bourd.) Sant. & Jain, Indian For. 92: 643. 1966; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 364. 1984.
  Malayalam Name(s): Vella-pillai
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious evergreen trees, to 18 m high; branchlets terete, brownish, yellow-tomentllous to thinly puberulous, glabrous in age. Leaves simple, alternate, stipule lateral, small, cauducous; petiole 2-6 mm long, stout, tomentellous to glabrous; lamina 2.5-9 x 1-3 cm, elliptic, oblong-elliptic or ovate-lanceolate, base oblique, apex subacute, acuminate or sometimes emarginate, margin shallowly crenulate-denticellate or serrulate or subentire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-12 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers unisexual, pale yellow, in axillary fascicles; male flowers: pedicels 3-6 mm long, puberulous; tepals 4-[5], 2.5-5 x 1.5-4 mm, obovate, suborbicular or triangular-oblong, tomentose, ciliate, imbricate; stamens (8-) 12-25, 2-4 mm long; filaments free; anthers ca. 1 mm long, oblong, basifixed; disc disciform, curved at margin, puberulous; females flowers: pedicels 5-8 mm long, puberulous; tepals 4, 3-5 x 2-4.5 mm, obovate to suborbicular, puberulous, ciliate; disc annular, puberulous; ovary superior, ca. 2 x 1.5 mm, obovoid, 1-locular, appendiculate, glabrous, ovules 2; style ca. 0.5 mm long, terminal; stigma ca. 0.5 mm broad, flabelliform or reniform. Fruit a drupe ca.10 x 7 mm, bright red, obovoid, somewhat flattened, thin-walled, smooth, glabrous; pedicels ca.10 mm long.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-June
  District(s): Kollam
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: South India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
  Localities: Parur
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