Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Dipterocarpus indicus
  Citation:  Dipterocarpus indicus Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 94. 1871; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 81(58). 1915; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 83. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 74. 1990; K.P. Janardh. in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 214. 1993; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 26. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 55. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 33. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 28. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 122. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 24. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 93. 2002; K.P. Janardh. & W. Arisdason in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 361. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 140. 2009. Dipterocarpus turbinatus sensu Dyer in Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 295. 1874 p.p. non Gaertn.f.
  Malayalam Name(s): Arayangili, Kalpayin, Kakka, Karanjili, Vavangu, Vella-ayani
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 35 m high, bole straight; bark pale grey, smooth; branchlets tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, 7-25 x 4-17.5 cm, ovate, apex acute or acuminate, base acute, obtuse or cordate, margin crenate, undulate, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, parallel, prominent, intercostae scalariform, obscure; petiole 17-50 mm, slender, glabrous, swollen tipped; stipules large, lateral, leaving an annular stipular scar, tomentose. Flowers bisexual, white, fragrant, 3-5 together in axillary racemes; pedicels 3 cm long. Calyx cupular at base, lobes 5, unequal. Petals 5, tinged with pink. Stamens 30; filaments yellowish, often dilated at base; connective aristate. Ovary superior, slightly adherent to the calyx tube, 3-celled, ovules 2 in each cell. Fruit a nut; wings 2, oblong, reddish-brown, to 10 x 2 cm.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-July
  District(s): Palakkad, Kollam, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Pathanamthitta, Kannur
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Vulnerable (VU)
  Altitude: 300-1000
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Rosemala, Chenthamarakokka, Nelluyampathy forests, Pezha, Ayyappankovil, Ettapadappu, Rockwood, Vandalodu, Attayar
Kerala News Online