Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Diospyros sylvatica
  Citation:  Diospyros sylvatica Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 47. 1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 559. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 773(543). 1923; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 270. 1990; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 271. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 194. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 401. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 232. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 182. 2002; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 231. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karimaram, Manjathuvara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 18 m high, bark 3 mm thick, dull grey to black, thin; blaze yellow; branchlets puberulous. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-10 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 5-15 x 2-5 cm, elliptic, ovate, elliptic-oblong or elliptic-obovate, base acute or cuneate, apex acute, acuminate or obtusely acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, shining, membranous; lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, pinnate, obscure, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual, white; male flowers: 6-10 in axillary cymes, 6 mm across; peduncle 5 mm long, puberulous; calyx 3 mm long, campanulate; lobes 4, ovate, acute, pubescent outside; corolla 6 mm long, campanulate, lobes 4, triangular, obtuse; stamens about 24; filaments in unequal pairs, ciliate at apex; female flowers; solitary or 3 together, 8-10 mm across; calyx much longer than in male, lobes ovate-oblong, acute; corolla campanulate; lobes triangular, obtuse; staminodes 4, inserted on the corolla and alternate with its lobes; ovary superior, globose, pubescent, 6-8-celled, 1-ovule in each cell; style 3-4, free, glabrous, bilobed with fringed margins. Fruit a berry, 16-18 mm across, globose, dark green, fruiting calyx enlarged, flat, foliaceous, spreading; seeds 2-8, oblong, rugose, shining, albumen ruminate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Malappuram, Kollam, Thrissur
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Sholayar, Vallakkadavu, Thekkady, Kottamalapallam, Kottamala, Orukomban, Walayar, Dhoni R. F., Ampumala, shola near Ranimade estate
Kerala News Online