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  Diospyros pruriens
  Citation:  Diospyros pruriens Dalz. in Hook.'s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 110. 1852; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 553. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 774(544). 1923; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 222. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 265. 1988; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 168. 1988; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 22,30. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 400. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 232. 1998; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 207. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 501. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Illakkatta, Paikkettu
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 10 m high, bark black, scurfy scaly; branchlets densely hirsute-pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, 6-16 x 2-5 cm, elliptic or elliptic-oblong or oblong-lanceolate, apex acute or obtusely acuminate, base round or subcordate, margin entire, fulvous-hirsute, often glabrescent above except midrib, membranous; petiole 3-5 mm long, stout, hirsute; lateral nerves 7-12 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, secondary laterals present, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellowish-white. Male flowers: 1-2 flowered axillary cymes, close together in the upper axils; pedicels articulated at base; bracts small, ovate, cauducous, glabrous inside; calyx 6.35 mm long, divided nearly to the base, fulvous hairy, lobes 4, linear-oblong; corolla 12.7-19.05 mm long, silky hairy outside; lobes 4, ovate-oblong, obtuse, about as long as the tube; stamens 12-14, unequal, glabrous, connate at the base, shorter than the corolla tube; anthers as long as the filaments; pistillode densely hairy. Female flowers: solitary, crowded in the upper axils; calyx 6.35 mm long, 4 partite; lobes oblong, spreading, hairy; corolla 9.52-12.7 mm long, 4-fid, constricted about the middle; staminodes 4, small; ovary superior, fulvous-hairy, 4-celled, ovule 1 in each cell; style 2, short, almost concealed by the hairs on the ovary, bifid at the apex. Fruit a berry 2.5 cm long, ovoid-conical, clothed with yellow stinging hairs, supported by the persistent, deflexed, slightly enlarged calyx lobes; endosperm equable.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): Kasaragode, Idukki, Malappuram, Kannur, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Koruthode, Pamba, Walayar, Damsite, Chandanathode, Teerthundamala, Bela, Beemanadi, Karuvarakundu
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