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  Diospyros peregrina
  Citation:  Diospyros peregrina (Gaertn.) Gurke in in Engl. & Prantl, Naturl. Pflanzenfam. 4(1): 164. 1891; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 777(546). 1921; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 157. 1982; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 192. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 501. 2009. Embryopteris peregrina Gaertn., Fruct. 145. 1788. Diospyros malabarica (Desr.) Kostel., Allg. Med. Pharm. Fl. 3: 1099. 1834; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 243. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 233. 1989; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 231. 1998; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 298. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 410. 2009. Garcinia malabarica Desr. in Lam., Encycl. 3: 701. 1792. Diospyros embryopteris Pers., Syn. 2: 624. 1807,p.p.; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 556. 1882.
  Malayalam Name(s): Panachi, Panancha, Vananji
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Gaub persimon, Indian persimon, Malabar Ebony, Gaub tree, Riber Ebony, Wild Mangosteen
  Description: Dioecious trees, bark black with greenish tinge flaking off in thick scales; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, distichous, estipulate; petiole 8-12 mm long, stout, grooved above; lamina 13-25 x 4-7 cm, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, base round, obtuse or acute, apex acute or obtuse, margin entire, glabrous and shining, coriaceous; lateral nerves 6-8 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent, pellucid. Flowers unisexual, pale yellow; male flowers: 2-7 in axillary, drooping cymes, peduncle short; calyx 6.35 mm long, lobes 4, broadly ovate, pubescent inside, margin ciliate; corolla 1 cm long, campanulate; lobes 4, ovate, round at apex, with a pubescent patch on the back of each lobe, imbricate; stamens usually 40, in pairs, inserted at the base of the corolla tube or on the receptacle beneath it; filaments hairy; anthers nearly equal, linear with a line of hairs up the middle; pistillode fleshy; female flowers: 2.5 cm across, usually solitary, axillary, drooping; pedicels very short; calyx deeply divided; lobes 4, appressed-pubescent, ovate, acute, thick; corolla 12.5 mm long, campanulate, deeply divided; lobes 4, ovate, obtuse, thick-fleshy, appressed hairy on the back, recurved; staminodes 4-12, hairy, inserted at the base of corolla tube; ovary superior, globose, 8-celled, ovule 1-in each cell, subsessile, glandular-hairy without; style 4; stigma lobed, undulate. Fruit a berry, 5-6 cm across, subglobose, yellow, covered with a rusty easily detachable scruffiness; calyx much enlarged, green, woody, spreading reflexed, covered with rusty tomentum; pericarp thin, pulp viscid and glutinous; seeds 4-8, flattened, reddish-brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Kottayam, Alappuzha, Kozhikkode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Wayanad, Thrissur, Ernakulam, Malappuram, Kannur
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Evergreen forests and sacred groves
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vellimala, Kuruva Island, Kodumon, Nagamkulangara
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