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  Diospyros ovalifolia
  Citation:  Diospyros ovalifolia Wight, Ic. t. 1227. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 559. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 777(546). 1923; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 244. 1984; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 265. 1988; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 231. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 181. 1999; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 417. 2002; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 185. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 500. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karimaram, Karimpala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Bastard Ebony
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 20 m high, bark dark brown with superficial ridges; branchlets slender, sparsely, minutely adpressed-pilose apically. Leaves simple, alternate, 6.5-15 x 2-7 cm, elliptic, oblanceolate, obovate or obovate-oblong, apex subacute, obtuse or round, base cuneate or acute, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; petiole 7-15 mm long, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellowish-white, in short fascicles, usually in the axils of fallen leaves. Male flowers: calyx broadly campanulate, lobes 4-5, ovate, 3 mm, thick, appressed-hairy, margin ciliate, acute; corolla tubular-campanulate, thin fleshy; tube 4 mm long; lobes 4, ovate, acute, 1.5 mm long, twisted, spreading; stamens 14-20, paired, unequal. Female flowers: subsessile, 1 cm across; calyx broadly campanulate; lobes 4-5, 4 mm long, ovate, appressed hairy without, acute, margin ciliate; corolla tubular-campanulate, 4 mm long, thin fleshy; lobes 5, 3 mm long, ovate, subacute, strongly reflexed; staminodes 4, spathulate, 4 mm long, sometimes lacking; ovary superior, 3 mm long, globose, appressed pubescent, 4-celled, ovule 1-in each cell; stigma 4-lobed, subsessile. Fruit a berry, 1-2 cm across, pubescent when young, glabrous later; calyx strongly reflexed, tawny-pubescent; endosperm equable.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): Kollam, Idukki, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Sivapura, Kuttar, Melmanalar, Thannikkudy, Chandanathode, Panoth, Neyyar
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