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  Diospyros montana
  Citation:  Diospyros montana Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 48. 1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 555. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 776(545). 1923; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 271. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 194. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 231. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 182. 2002; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 166. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 498. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Bali, Malayakathitholi, Manjakara, Nanchimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Mottled ebony, Mountain persimmon
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 20 m high, bark smooth, grey or yellowish-grey; blaze turmeric yellow; exudation scanty, watery; bole and branches with long hard, stiff, divaricate spines formed from stumps of branches; branchlets slender, glabrous, only those of the flush sparsely minutely pilose. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-10 mm, slender, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 4-10 x 2-4 cm, ovate, ovate-oblong, elliptic-oblong, base round, obtuse, subcordate or acute, apex obtuse, subacute or obtusely acuminate, margin entire, chartaceous, more or less softly pubescent when young, glabrous at maturity; lateral nerves 5-10 pairs, pinnate, slender, faint, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers unisexual, white; male flowers : 2-6 in axillary umbels; peduncle to 5 mm; calyx 3 mm long; lobes 4, ovate, imbricate, thick, margin ciliate, obtuse; corolla 6-7 mm long, greenish-yellow, urceolate, glabrous; lobes 4, ovate, imbricate, 2.5 mm long, subacute; stamens 16, roughly in 8 pairs, unequal; anthers lanceolate, awned; pistillode conical, pointed; female flowers: solitary, axillary; pedicel to 4 mm; calyx and corolla as in male flowers; staminodes 4, 5 mm, linear-lanceolate; ovary superior, 0.7 mm across, globose, glabrous, 8-celled, ovule one in each cell; styles 4, 1.5 mm long; stigma capitate; Fruit a berry, 1.5-2 cm across, ovoid to obconical, yellow to orange, glaucous; calyx foliaceous, slightly enlarged, foliaceous, reflexed; seeds 3-6, rough, black; endosperm equable.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-February
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kollam, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist deciduous, dry deciduous and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia to Australia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Kallar, Thekkady, Kanthalppara, Anakkalvayal
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