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  Diospyros melanoxylon var. tupru
  Citation:  Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb. var. tupru (Buch.-Ham.) V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 159. 2005; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 159. 2005. Diospyros tupru Buch.-Ham. in Journey 1: 183. 1807 & Trans. Linn. Soc. London 15: 111. 1827. Diospyros tomentosa Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 532. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 564. 1882, non Poir. 1804; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 772(543). 1923.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kakkapanachi, Thambbilpazham
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Nepal Ebony, Ebony of Northern India
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 15 m high, bark spongy, deeply transversely and longitudinally cracked; branches ferruginous tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, opposite or subopposite, estipulate; petiole 5-30 mm long, slender, grooved above, pubescent; lamina 3.5-16 x 3-11 cm, elliptic, elliptic-ovate, ovate, obovate-elliptic, oblong, obovate-oblong or orbicular, base round or cuneate, apex obtuse, round or emarginate, margin entire, glabrous above and pubescent beneath, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-12 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate. Flowers unisexual; male flowers: in axillary 3-flowered tomentose cymes; peduncle to 1.5 cm long, tomentose; bracts ferrugineously downy; calyx campanulate, hairy; lobes 4 or 5, ovate-triangular; corolla tube urceolate, ferruginous out side, glabrous within; lobes 4 or 5, ovate; stamens 12-16-[ 18]; filaments glabrous; connectives fulvous pilose on the back; female flowers: subsessile, axillary, solitary; bracts 3-4, scale-like, cauducous; calyx campanulate, hairy; lobes 4 or 5 rarely[6], triangular, margin reflexed; corolla tube cylindric-urceolate, hairy outside, glabrous within; lobes 4 or 5; staminodes 6-9 or absent; ovary superior, globose, hairy, 4-5-celled, ovule-1 in each cell; styles 2; stigmas 4. Fruit a berry, ovate-globose, smooth, seated on accrescent flat calyx with the lobes spreading with reflexed margins; pulp yellow; seeds 5.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-December
  District(s): Palakkad, Wayanad
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peringathukavu
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