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  Diospyros melanoxylon var. melanoxylon
  Citation:  Diospyros melanoxylon Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 46. 1795, var. melanoxylon; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 564. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 772(543). 1923; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 181. 1999; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 149. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 498. 2009. Diospyros dubia Wall. ex A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 8: 223. 1844. Diospyros exsculpta Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 66. 1870, non Buch.-Ham. 1827. Diospyros wightiana Wall. ex A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 8: 223. 1844.
  Malayalam Name(s): Beediyilamaram, Kari, Thumbimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Coromandel ebony, Malabar ebony, Persimmon ebony
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 20 m high, bark 10 mm, brown, deeply fissured; ridges black, fissures lighter; young parts rusty-tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate or subopposite, estipulate; petiole 4-10 mm long, slender, tomentose; lamina 3.5-15 x 3-6.5 cm, elliptic, elliptic-oblong or ovate, base acute or obtuse, apex obtuse, round or subacute, often emarginate, margin entire, glabrescent above, thinly pubescent below, coriaceous, lateral nerves 5-9 pairs, pinnate, prominent intercostae subscalariform, slender, faint. Flowers unisexual, white; male flowers: in short densely tawny-tomentose drooping axillary cymes, sometimes at the base of branchlets; peduncle 7 mm, tomentose; calyx yellowish-green, campanulate; lobes 5, ovate, tomentose, acute; corolla tubular, thin-fleshy; tube 1 cm, appressed hairy without; lobes 5, ovate, 3 mm, acute, reflexed; stamens 10-16, in pairs; anthers 2 mm, oblong, acute or apiculate; pistillode reduced, pubescent; female flowers: solitary, axillary; pedicel 4 mm long, stout, tomentose; bracteoles present; calyx green to brown, deeply 5-lobed; lobes ovate, 7 mm, margin folded-crinkled, acute; corolla tubular, thin-fleshy, tube 1 cm, appressed hairy without; lobes 5, ovate, 3 mm, acute, reflexed; staminodes 8-10, 4 mm, lanceolate; ovary superior, 4 mm across, globose, tomentose, 6-celled, ovules 1-in each cell; style 3 mm long, bifid. Fruit a berry, globose, apiculate, rusty-tomentose when young, glabrous later; calyx slightly enlarged, fulvous-tomentose, margin reflexed; seeds 1-4.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-July
  District(s): Idukki, Palakkad, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Green
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kombakkayam
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