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  Diospyros hirsuta
  Citation:  Diospyros hirsuta L.f., Suppl. Pl. 440. 1781; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 565. 1882; N.C. Nair & Mohanan, Journ. Econ. Tax. Bot. 3: 623. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 243. 1984; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 233. 1989; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 298. 2005; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 115. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 6 m high, bark 3 mm thick, black, finely fissured; branches horizontal; young parts subadpressed densely pubescent. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 8-11 mm long, slender, grooved above, densely pubescent; lamina 7-17 x 3.5-7 cm, ovate-lanceolate, elliptic or oblong, base round, truncate or acute, apex acuminate, caudate-acuminate or acute, margin entire, coriaceous, adpressed pubescent especially beneath when young and glabrous above and adpressed pilose beneath when mature; lateral nerves 5-8 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, secondary laterals present, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellow; male flowers: in axillary, dense, sessile cymes; bracteoles small, pilose; calyx 2.5 mm long, pubescent; lobes 4-5, 1 mm long, acute; corolla 5 m long, tubular, yellow, throat narrow; lobes 4-5, overlapping in bud, acute; stamens 5, epipetalous, alternate with corolla lobes, glabrous, apiculate, filaments short; pistillode rudimentary; female flowers: 1-3, in sessile axillary clusters; bracteolate; calyx 7-9 mm long; lobes 4-5, silky brown, 3-4 mm long, triangular, reflexed; corolla upto 9 mm long, yellow; lobes 5, acute; staminodes 5, apiculate; filaments glabrous; ovary superior, globose, apiculate, densely pubescent, 8-10-celled, ovule 1-in each cell; styles 2, 2 mm long. Fruit a berry 3 x 2.5 cm, ellipsoid-ovoid to subglobose, densely, coppery-rusty haired, seated on enlarged reflexed calyx; seeds 1-8, brownish-black, endosperm ruminate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Kottayam, Kollam, Pathanamthitta
  Habitat: Along banks of rivers
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chathanathara, Thannithode, Thekkuthode
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