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  Diospyros foliosa
  Citation:  Diospyros foliosa Wall. ex A. DC. in DC., Prodr. 8: 234. 1844; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 556. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 774(544). 1923; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 205. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 193. 1997; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 416. 2002; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 107. 2005. Diospyros calycina Bedd., Fl. Sylv. t. 68. 1870, non Spach. 1838.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattupanachi, Vellathuvara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Glabrous dioecious trees, to 10 m high; bark dark brown, smooth; branchlets slender. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole about 6 mm long, slender, glabrous; lamina 5-12 x 1-3.2 cm, narrowly lanceolate, elliptic, oblong, base attenuate, apex acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous, shining above; lateral nerves 4-5 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint, pellucid. Flowers unisexual, bright yellow; male flowers: 5-9 in lax axillary cymes; calyx 0.2-0.3 cm long, 4-lobed to half way; corolla urceolate, very gibbous at base; tube 0.8-1 cm long; lobes 4, bright yellow; stamens 12-16, in pairs, equal, apex of the anthers inflexed and long acuminate; filaments slightly hairy; pistillode rudimentary; female flowers: solitary, axillary; pedicel 1.5-2 cm long; calyx and corolla as in male flowers; staminodes absent ovary superior, globose, hairy, 4-celled, ovule 1 in each cell; stigma 4-lobed. Fruit a berry, 2-2.5 cm across, globose, covered with hair like scales; fruiting calyx enlarged, foliaceous, 1.5-2 x 1-1.5 cm, ovate-cordate; seed 1 or 2, ellipsoid, laterally compressed, brownish-black; endosperm equable.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-June
  District(s): Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 500-1100
  Localities: Rosemala, Teppakulam, Bonaccord
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