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  Diospyros crumenata
  Citation:  Diospyros crumenata Thw., Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 179. 1860; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 567. 1882; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 270. 1996; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 83. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Karimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen dioecious trees, to 25 m high, bark 4 mm thick, black, thin scaly with small depression, blaze creamy yellow turning to brown on exposure; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 7-13 mm, stout, grooved above, glabrous; lamina 7.5-15 x 3.5-6.8 cm, oblong, elliptic, ovate-oblong or elliptic-oblong, base obtuse, obtuse or acute, apex bluntly acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, glossy, coriaceous; lateral nerves 7-10 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers unisexual, yellow; male flowers; 3-7 flowers in shortly stalked cymes; peduncle 3-10 mm long, pilose; pedicels nodding, short, ultimate ones 1-4 mm; calyx large, cupular, tomentose on outside; lobes 4, obtuse; corolla tubular, 14 mm long, yellow; lobes 4, short, broad, rounded, recurved; stamens about 12, 4-6 mm long, subequal; pistillode small or absent; female flowers: solitary, axillary; pedicel short, stout; calyx large, cupular, tomentose on both surfaces, corolla tubular, 15 mm long, densely tomentose, yellowish-white; lobes 4, broad acute, patent or reflexed; staminodes 8-12, epipetalous, unequal, ovary superior, pilose, 8-celled, ovule 1-in each cell; stigmas 4, fleshy, short. Fruit a berry, subglobose, 3-5 cm across, smooth; calyx much enlarged, nearly flat, woody; seeds 1-8, 2.2 x 1.2 cm, oblong, compressed, glossy black; endosperm ruminate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-February
  District(s): Thrissur
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
  Distribution: South West India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vellanimala
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