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  Diospyros candolleana
  Citation:  Diospyros candolleana Wight, Ic. tt. 1221 & 1222. 1848; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 566. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 773(543). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 157. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 243. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 221. 1985; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 232. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 269. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 278. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 207. 1995; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 192. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 230. 1998; Ravikumar & Ved, Illustr. Field Guide 100 Red Listed Med. Pl. 114. 2000 Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 181. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 298. 2005; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 63. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 498. 2009. Diospyros canarica Bedd., Ic. t.134. 1868-1874.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kari, Karimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Dioecious trees, to 15 m high, bark 5-6 mm thick, greenish-black, smooth; young shoots pubescent. leaves simple, alternate, bifarious, estipulate; petiole 8-14 mm long stout, grooved above, rugose, glabrous; lamina 7-15 x 2.5-5 cm, oblong or elliptic-oblong, base acute, attenuate, cuneate or obtuse, apex obtusely acuminate, margin entire, coriaceous, glabrous when mature, lateral nerves 9-11 pairs, slender, pinnate, faint, intercostae reticulate, obscure. Flowers unisexual, pale yellow; male flowers: 7-8 mm across, sessile, in dense tawny tomentose, axillary fascicles; calyx 5 mm long, tomentose; lobes 5, ovate, acute or subobtuse; corolla urceolate, more than twice as long as the calyx, fulvous-hairy outside; lobes 5, ovate, acute; stamens 10, in unequal pairs; filaments glabrous; anthers lanceolate, acute; female flowers: 10-12 mm across, sessile, 2-10 in tawny tomentose, axillary fascicles; calyx hairy on both side; lobes 5, ovate, acute, margin reflexed; staminodes 4 or 5; ovary superior, tomentose, 4-celled, ovules 1 in each cell; style 2-5, slender, tomentose; stigma hairy. Fruit a berry, 2.5 cm long, conical, green; calyx flat or shallowly cupuliform, the lobes triangular with reflexed margins; seeds 3-4, usually compressed; endosperm ruminate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Thrissur
  Habitat: Evergreen, semi-evergreen and moist deciduous forests
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -900
  Localities: Choodal, Pamba, Sabarimala, Karappara, Angamoozhy, Pathenthode, Taliparamba, Manjeswar, Mulleria, Kulathupuzha
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