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  Diospyros buxifolia
  Citation:  Diospyros buxifolia (Blume) Hiern, Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 12: 218. 1873; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 269. 1990; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 207. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 270. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 192. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 230. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 181. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 416. 2002; V. Singh, Monogr. Indian Diospyros 56. 2005. Leucoxylum buxifolium Blume, Bijdr. 1169. 1826. Diospyros microphylla Bedd., Ic. t. 133. 1868-1874; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 3: 559. 1882; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 776(546). 1923.
  Malayalam Name(s): Elichevian, Elichuzhi, Kattuthuvara, Malamuringa, Thovarakari, Thovara
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 30 m high, bole buttressed; bark 5-6 mm thick, blackish-grey, mottled with white, brittle; branchlets densely golden yellow hairy. Leaves simple, alternate, bifarious, 1-4.5 x 0.6-2 cm, elliptic-ovate, ovate, ovate-oblong or ovate-lanceolate, apex acute, base acute or cuneate,margin entire, coriaceous; petiole 2-3 mm, slender, hispid; glabrous above except midrib and pubescent beneath; lateral nerves 2-3 pairs, pinnate, faint, intercostae obscure. Flowers unisexual, white. Male flowers: 2-3 mm, 1-4 together in subsessile small axillary cymes; calyx densely fulvous-hairy outside; lobes 4, broadly outside; corolla campanulate, tube 0.1-0.15 cm long; lobes 4, orbicular, apiculate with a line of hairs on the back; stamens 16, in pairs, united by their filaments at base; anthers ovate, dehiscence by apical pores; pistillodes minute, hairy. Female flowers: 7-8 mm, solitary, subsessile; calyx and corolla as in males; staminodes absent; ovary superior, ovoid, pubescent, 4-celled, ovule 1 in each cell; style short 2 partite. Fruit a berry, 15-18 x 10-12 mm, oblong, pointed, purple, glabrous; seeds 1-2, endosperm equable.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-May
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Thrissur, Kozhikkode, Wayanad, Kannur, Malappuram, Kasaragode
  Habitat: Evergreen and semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 700-900
  Localities: Vellanimala, Kattalappara, Umiyar, Sabarimala, Pamba, Pezha, Walayar, Mukkali forests, Pooyamkutty, Ettapadappu, Attayar
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