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  Dillenia pentagyna
  Citation:  Dillenia pentagyna Roxb., Pl. Corom. t. 20. 1795; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 38. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 8(6). 1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 25. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 60. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 52. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 36. 1988; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 2. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 55. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 44. 1990; N. C. Majumdar in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 156. 1993; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 42. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 2. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 10,16. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 25. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 10. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 34. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 2. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 1. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 49. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 36. 2005; N.P. Balakr. & G.V.S. Murthy in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 122. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 89. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattupunnakai, Kodapunna, Malampunna, Naithekku, Pattipunna, Punna, Valapunna, Vazhapunna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 25 m high, bark 15-20 mm, thick, surface grey, molted with white, smooth; blaze pink-red; branchlets stout, with prominent 'V' shaped leaf scars. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, clustered at the tip of branchlets, 15-60 x 10-25 cm, obovate to oblong-lanceolate, scarious, apex obtuse, base acute or attenuate, margin serrate, rarely entire, glabrous above, puberulent beneath; lateral nerves many, parallel, prominent, intercostae scalariform, faint; estipulate; petiole 15-60 mm long, sheathing, stout, glabrous, winged. Flowers bisexual, fascicled on old branches, 2.5-3 cm across, yellow, fragrant; pedicels 2.5-6 cm long; bracts hairy. Sepals 5, 8-12 mm long, obovate or elliptic, glabrous, accrescent. Petals 5, 10-20 x 7-12 mm, obovate, obtuse, bright yellow. Stamens numerous, yellow in 2 series, outer series with 60-90 stamens, each 2.5-4 mm long, inner series with up to 10 stamens, each 6-9 mm long. Carpels 5-10, cohering at the axis, arranged on the narrow conical receptacle, unilocular, ovules many; styles free, 4 mm long. Fruit an aggregate of berries, drooping, subglobose, 15 x 13 mm, indehiscent, fleshy, yellow, orange or red, subtended by persistent sepals; seeds numerous, 5 x 3.5 mm, ovoid, black, glabrous, exarillate.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-June
  District(s): Palakkad, Kottayam, Kasaragode, Kollam, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -900
  Localities: Peechi, Rosemala, Thekkady, Agasthiyarmalai, Orukomban, Valiyaparathode, Chathanathara, Kannoth R.F., Taliparamba, Agastyarkudam, Kanjirakadavu, Thenmalai, Bonaccord
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