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  Dillenia bracteata
  Citation:  Dillenia bracteata Wight, Ic. t. 358. 1840-43; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 37. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 7 (5). 1915; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 36. 1988; N. C. Majumdar in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 154. 1993; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 2. 1995; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 30. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 9. 1997; N.P. Balakr. & G.V.S. Murthy in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 120. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 88. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattupunna
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark greyish-brown; young shoots tomentose; leaf scars claps the branches half the circumference. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, 15-45 x 5-20 cm, obovate to elliptic-obovate, apex acute, acuminate or obtuse, base cuneate, acute, or obtuse, margin serrate or rarely entire, coriaceous, glabrescent at maturity; lateral nerves 12-20 pairs, parallel, prominent; intercostae subscalariform, faint stipules lateral, deciduous; petiole 10-50 mm long, stout, pubescent, grooved above. Flowers in racemes or in 2-7 flowered clusters, bisexual, white, 2.5-3 cm across; pedicels 4-10 mm long; bracts lanceolate or spathulate, hirsute, early cauducous. Sepals 5, ovate, 8-12 x 5-9 mm, coriaceous, reddish, silky pubescent. Petals 5, obovate, 15-20 x 5-10 mm, white. Stamens numerous, cohering slightly at base, in 2 series, purple blue; anthers linear, opening by small slits. Carpels 5, cohering at the axis, ovules many; styles 5, free, 9 mm. Pseudocarp orange, subglobose, enclosed within sepals, 2.5-3 cm across. Fruits 8 x 5 mm; seeds 1 or 2, 5 x 4.5 mm, ovoid, dark reddish-brown to black, arillate, glabrous.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-June
  District(s): Kannur, Kollam, Wayanad
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1000
  Localities: Rockwood, Varadimalai area, on way to Periya, Rockwood
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