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  Dichrostachys cinerea
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Mimosoideae)
  Citation:  Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn., Prodr. 271. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 288. 1878; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 419(297). 1919; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 149. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 187. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 64. 1992; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 122. 1999. Mimosa cinera L., Sp. Pl. 520. 1753, non L. 517. 1753.
  Malayalam Name(s): Veeravriksham, Vidatthal, Vedathala
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Kalahari Christmas tree, Marabou-thorn, Princess's Earrings, Sickle bush
  Description: Small thorny trees; to 6 m high spines axillary, straight, often leaf bearing; bark grey or brownish, with vertical fissures, peeling off in thin flake; branchlets densely pubescent, spine-tipped. Leaves bipinnate, alternate, stipulate; stipules 2, minute, lateral; rachis 30-65 mm, slender, pulvinate, pubescent; pinnae 5-15 pairs, 1.5-2 cm, opposite, even pinnate, slender, pulvinate, pubescent, with a gland between each pairs; leaflets 24-50, opposite, sessile, estipellate; lamina 0.2-0.3 x 0.1 cm, oblong, base obtuse, apex acute, margin entire, ciliate, tomentose, chartaceous; nerves obscure. Flowers polygamous, 2 mm across, in solitary or axillary paired spikes; upper flowers bisexual, yellow; lower ones neutar, pink or purple; bracts oblong; calyx tube campanulate, lobes 5; petals 5, lanceolate connate below, pubescent, valvate; stamens 10, free, exserted, anthers ending in stalked glands; ovary 0.5 mm, subssessile, pubescent; style 3 mm; stigma terminal, truncate. Fruit a pod, linear, flat, coiled, continuous within, indehiscent or opening from apex; seeds 4-6, ovoid, compressed.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-January
  District(s): Kasaragode, Idukki, Palakkad
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Pink
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chinnar, Walayar, Peradala
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