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  Dialium travancoricum
 
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Caesalpinioideae)
  Citation:  Dialium travancoricum Bourd., Indian For. 30: 243. 1904; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 404(286). 1919; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 163. 1984; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 28. 1992; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 167. 1994; Sasidh., Higher Plants of Indian Sub-Continent 8: 209. 1998.
  Malayalam Name(s): Malampuli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Evergreen trees, to 30 m high, bark pale brown, smooth, blaze yellow turning to pale brown, exudation red, scanty. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate; stipules small, lateral; rachis 10-15 cm, slender, glabrous, pulvinate; leaflets 5-11, subopposite or alternate, estipellate; petiolule 4-7 mm, slender; lamina 5-7.6 x 1.8-3.2 cm, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate, base round or acute, apex caudate-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous, lateral nerves 11-14 pairs, pinnate, prominent, regular, secondary laterals seen; intercostae reticulate. Flowers bisexual, 2-3 mm long, brown, in axillary or terminal fulvous-pubescent panicles; bracts and bracteoles small, cauducous; calyx tube short, divided to base; lobes 5, petalloid, imbricate; petals absent; stamens 2, free; filaments short; anthers erect, oblong; ovary half inferior, sessile, oblique, hairy; ovules 2, style subulate; stigma small, terminal. Fruit a pod 2-2.2 cm broad, ovoid, globose, dark velvety-brown, indehiscent, shell thin, brittle; endocarp spongy, red; seed one, more or less compressed, pale brown, thin.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-October
  District(s): Kollam, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal:
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Brown
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status: Critically Endangered (CR)
  Altitude:
  Localities: Ponmudi
   
 
   
 
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