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  Desmodium caudatum
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Desmodium caudatum (Thunb.) DC., Prodr. 2: 337. 1825; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 150. 1992; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 191. 1997. Hedysarum caudatum Thunb., Fl. Jap. 286. 1784. Hedysarum laburnifolium Poir. in Lam., Encycl. 4: 422. 1798. Catenaria caudata (Thunb.) Schindl., Feddes Repert. 20: 275. 1924.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Much branched erect subshrubs or shrubs, usually 30-100cm high; rootstock woody; stem branched, slender, terete, glabrescent. Leaves 3-foliolate; terminal leaflets 5-8 x 1.5-2.5 cm, lateral leaflets a little smaller than terminal ones, narrowly ovate, acute at the apex, sessile subcoriaceous, glabrescent or sparsely puberulous especially on the midrib; lateral nerves not reaching the margin; stipels scariose, striate, filiform, acuminate at the apex, pilose, 2-5 mm long; petiolules to 1.5 cm long; stipules persistent, scariose, striate, narrowly triangular, cuspidate at the apex, 5-10 mm long, ciliate, sparsely pilose on the back. Inflorescence terminal and axillary, racemose or paniculate, up to 30 cm long; rachides densely pubescent; pedicels 3-4 mm long, densely appressed-pilose; bracts persistent, subulate, about 3 mm long; bracteoles two, near the base of the calyx, about 1 mm long, appressed-pubescent on the back. Calyx narrowly campanulate, 3.5-4.5 mm long, appressed-pilose, upper two lobes united for ¾ or more of their length, the others narrowly triangular, about 2 mm long and up to 1 mm wide at the base. Petals pale greenish-or yellowish-white, distinctly veined; standard elliptic, 6-6.5 mm long and 3.5-4 mm wide, rounded or slightly retuse at the apex, minutely clawed, slightly auriculate; wings conspicuously smaller than the keel-petals, about 5 mm long and 1-1.2 mm wide. Stamens diadelphous. Ovary 7 mm long, stipitate, densely appressed-pilose on the both sutures; style incurved nearly at a right angle in the middle. Pods linear, flat, sessile, 4-7 jointed, both sutures equally undulate; articles narrowly elliptic, equally tapering to both ends, 8-10 x 4-5 mm, densely covered with short uncinate brown hairs; seeds transversely narrowly elliptic, about 3 x 8.5-9.5 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: September-January
  District(s): Malappuram
  Habitat: Near water course
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s):
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Kanjirakadavu, Vaniampuzha
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