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  Decaschistia crotonifolia
  Citation:  Decaschistia crotonifolia Wight & Arn., Prodr. 52. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 332. 1874; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 94 (68). 1915; T.K. Paul in B.D. Sharma & Sanjappa, Fl. India 3: 296. 1993; Sivar. & Pradeep, Malvac. Southern Peninsular India 18. 1996; M. Mohanan & A.V.N. Rao in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 398. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 147. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Erect shrubs, 1.5-2.5 cm high; stems woody, pale green to grey, whitish-stellate-tomentose, more so on younger parts. Leaves alternate, ovate-lanceolate, cordate to rounded at base, serrate or slightly lobed, acute at apex, 3-4 x 1.5-8 cm, stellate-tomentose on both surfaces more so on nerves beneath; midnerve with a basal nectary; petioles to 5 cm long, terete, brown-stellate-tomentose; stipules linear-subulate, ca 1 cm long, stellate-tomentose. Flowers axillary, solitary or 3-6 in racemose clusters due to reduction of upper leaves; pedicels 3-15 mm long, densely stellate-pubescent. Epicalyx lobes linear, 5-10 x 1-1.5 mm, connate at base, pubescent. Calyx campanulate, 5-lobed; lobes ovate, 6-8 x 2-3 cm, stellate-hairy on both sides. Corolla 5-6 cm across, yellow with a dark maroon centre. Petals 5, obovate, 3-4 x ca 2.5 cm, connate and adherent to staminal tube at base, densely stellate-pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Staminal column antheriferous throughout; tube ca 2 cm long; anthers purple. Ovary ovoid, ca 4 mm across, pubescent, 10-loculed; locules 1-ovuled; styles ca 2 cm long; stigma capitate, glandular-hairy, brown. Capsules globose-depressed, to 2 cm across, enclosed in calyx, densely stellate-pubescent, 10 valved; seeds reniform, ca 5 x 3 mm, glabrous, brownish black.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-November
  District(s): Wayanad
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests and grasslands
  Distribution: Peninsular India
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Peninsular India
  IUCN status:
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