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  Cucumis melo
  Citation:  Cucumis melo L., Sp. Pl. 1011. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 620. 1879; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 535(378). 1919; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 30. 1982; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 153. 1995. Cucumis melo L. var. cultis Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 46: 102. 1877. Cucumis melo L. var. agrestis Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 4, 11: 73. 1859. Cucumis pubescens Willd., Sp. Pl. 4: 614. 1805; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 535(378). 1919. Cucumis callosus (Rottl.) Cogn. ex Cogn. & Harms., Pflanzenr., Cucurb.-Cucum. 129. 1924; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 31. 1982; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 212. 1990. Bryonia callosa Rottl. in Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Neue Schriften ser.4. 210. 1803. Cucumis trigonus Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 722. 1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2:619.1879p.p.; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 535(378). 1919.
  Malayalam Name(s): Melon, Vellaikai,
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cucumber, Common cucumber
  Description: Robust annuals; stems prostrate, hirsute, elongate, angular, ultimately somewhat terete and glabrous. Leaves alternate, 8-15 cm long and as much broad, 5-angular or moderately 3-7 lobed, lobes, obtuse, suborbicular, denticulate, base cordate, villous or subhirsute; petioles slender, robust, hispid, equal or longer than lamina. Male flowers fasciculate; peduncles slender, 0.5-3.0 cm long; calyx-tube narrow, campanulate, villous, 6-8 mm long; lobes subulate, erect or spreading; corolla ca. 2 cm long, lobes ovate-oblong, acute; staminal filaments very short; anthers 3-4 mm long, appendage of connective shorter than anthers; pistillode ca. 1 mm long. Female flowers: peduncles 1-2 cm long; ovary softly hairy, style 1-2 mm long, stigma connivent, ca 2 mm long. Fruits edible, polymorphous; seeds 10-12 x 5-7 mm, white, oblong, immarginate, apex obtuse, base subacute.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: May-September
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: Cultivated
  Distribution: Widely cultivated
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Ayyappankovil, Walayar, Ariankavu, Ettapadappu
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