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  Cryptolepis buchananii
  Citation:  Cryptolepis buchananii Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 4: 409. 1819; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 4: 5. 1883; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 826(580). 1923; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 170. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 258. 1984; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 177. 1988; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 282. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 249. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 432. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 288. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 301. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 225. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 288. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 208. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 250. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 194. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 194. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 454. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 319. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 439. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 538. 2009. Nerium reticulatum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 8. 1832.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kattupalvalli, Kalipalvalli, Kilipalvalli, Palvalli
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Climbing shrubs with milky latex. Leaves 5-10 x 2-4.5 cm, elliptic or oblong-lanceolate, base acute or cuneate, apex obtuse or apiculate. Glabrous and glossy, lower surface glaucous; lateral nerves 10-15 pairs, horizontally parallel; petiole to 1 cm long. Inflorescence axillary dichotomous cymes, shorter than leaves. Peduncles to 2 cm long. Flowers 5-merous, lax. Calyx lobes 5, 2-2.5 cm long, ovate-acute, with 5 scales at base on inner side. Corolla greenish-yellow; tube 1-2 mm long, cylindric; lobes 5, 3-5 mm long, linear- lanceolate, twisted to right, Corolla greenish-yellow; tube 1-2 mm long, cylindric; lobes 5, 3-5 mm long, linear-lanceolate, twisted to right in buds, ovate-acute, with 5 scales at base on inner side. Coronal lobes 5, clavate. Pollen granular, united in tetrads. Carpels 2, apocarpous; ovules many. Follicles 2, woody, c. 7 cm long. Seeds flat, with silky coma.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-August
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 400-700
  Localities: Peechi, Rosemala, Karimutty, Chinnar, Vallakkadavu, Thellikkal, Marayur, Chindaki forest, Aruvanpara, Pathenthode, Moozhiar, Manantody, Arunappara, Sappal hill-Dhoni R. F., Walayar, Ponmudi, Boneccord, Chengannur, Thenmalai, Bonaccord
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