Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Croton persimilis
  Citation:  Croton persimilis Muell.-Arg., Linnaea 34: 116. 1865 & DC., Prodr. 15: 618. 1866 emend. Philcox in Dassan. & Clayton, Rev. Handb. Fl. Ceylon 11: 92. 1997; Chakrab. & Balakr., J. Econ. Tax. Bot. 30: 298. 2006; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 215. 2007. Croton oblongifolius Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 685. 1832, non Del. 1812; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 386. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1315(919). 1925. Croton roxburghii Balakr., Bull. Bot. Surv. India 3: 39. 1961; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 337. 1985; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 616. 1997.
  Malayalam Name(s): Koteputol, Pongalam, Somaraaji, Thomarayam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Small trees; bark grey or brownish; young shoots covered with minute orbicular silvery scales. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral, turning red before falling; 11-23 x 3.5-7.5 cm; elliptic, obovate, elliptic-obovate, elliptic-oblanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, base acute or cuneate, apex acute, margin more or less crenate or young, coriaceous; lateral nerves 8-13 pairs, pinnate, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent; stipules lateral; petiole 15-40 mm long, stout, slightly grooved above, swollen at tip and base, silver lepidote scales present. Flowers unisexual, pale yellowish-green, solitary or fascicled in the axils of minute bracts on long erect often fascicled racemes, the males in the upper part of the raceme, the females in the lower part; male flowers: pedicels of variable length, slender; sepals 5, ovate, obtuse; petals elliptic-lanceolate, obtuse, woolly; stamens 12, inflexed in bud; lower half of the filaments hairy; female flowers: pedicels short, stout; sepals 5, ovate, acute, ciliate; petals 5, obovate, margin densely woolly; ovary 3-celleed, ovule 1 in each cell; styles 3, each again divided into 2 longer slender curled branches. Fruit a capsule, subglobose, depressed, slightly 3-lobed, lepidote scaly; seeds 3.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-June
  District(s): Kasaragode, Malappuram, Alappuzha, Thrissur, Ernakulam
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Scrub forests, also in the plains
  Distribution: India to China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Green, Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 100-1300
  Localities: Kasaragod, Karulai
Kerala News Online