Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Croton malabaricus
  Citation:  Croton malabaricus Bedd., Fl. Sylv. 204. 1873; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 386. 1887; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 1314(919). 1925; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 362. 1984; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 426. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 412. 1994; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 326. 1995; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 399. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Shenduruny WLS 284. 1997; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 614. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 368. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 286. 2002; Mohanan & Sivad., Fl. Agasthyamala 605. 2002; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 442. 2005; N.P.Balakr. & Chakrab., Fam. Euphorbiaceae India 214. 2007; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 732. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Chunnambumaram, Kolavanchi, Pambaram, Thenadal
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees, to 20 m high, bark greyish-white, smooth; branchlets stellate-hairy. Leaves simple, alternate, 7-24 x 3-12 cm, rhombic-ovate, broadly ovate or elliptic, apex acuminate, base cuneate, obtuse or round, margin entire, glabrous or with silvery stellate hairs and reddish glands beneath, chartaceous; stipules 12-18 mm long, lateral, filiform, scarious; petiole 10-125 mm long, slender, stellate scales present; prominently, 3-4-ribbed from base; lateral nerves 4-6 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, obscure. Flowers unisexual, 5-10 mm across, white, in erect terminal racemes of 5-12.7 cm long; bracts small; perianth 2-seriate; 5-partite, glandular at base; sepals ovate, obtuse, silky tomentose; petals 5, smaller than sepals, obovate. Ovary stellate hairy, 3-celled, ovules one in each cell; styles long, slender, pistillode absent in males; stamens 10-15, filaments bearded. Fruit a capsule 2.5 x 2 cm, obovoid, depressed above, brown tomentose; seeds 13 x 8 mm, oblong, mottled with brown.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: April-November
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kollam, Pathanamthitta, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Wayanad, Kannur
  Habitat: Semi-evergreen and evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 600-750
  Localities: Peechi, Poringal, Elanad, Choodal, Kattalappara, Puthussery, Sabarimala, Pezha, Dhoni R. F., Angamoozhy, Neriamangalam to Velvara, Mukkali forests, Thalichola, Kulathupuzha, Bonaccord
Kerala News Online