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  Crotalaria spectabilis
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Crotalaria spectabilis Roth, Nov. Pl. Sp. 341. 1821; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 176. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 130. 1992; Subram., Fl. Thenmala Div. 96. 1995; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 165. 2005; ; Ansari, Crotalaria India 284. 2008. Crotalaria sericea Retz., Obs. Bot. 5: 26. 1788; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 75. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 293(207). 1918; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 153. 1990, non Burm. f. 1768. Crotalaria leschenaultii DC., Prodr. 2: 125. 1825; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 76. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 293(207). 1918; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 49. 1998; ; Ansari, Crotalaria India 270. 2008.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cats Bell, Rattlebox, Rattleweed, Yellow Crotalaris
  Description: Erect biennial undershrubs up to 1.2 m tall with glabrous, furrowed branches. Leavessimple, subopposite, 5-15 cm long and variable in width, oblong-lanceolate, apex acute or subacute, mucronate, base cuneate, glabrous above, fine-silky beneath; petioles 1.6-3 mm long; stipules large, ovate-lanceolate, leafy, persistent. Flowers yellow with a purple tinge, borne in elongated 16-50 flowered terminal racemes 25-30 cm long; pedicels longer than the calyx with a large foliaceous ovate-acute bract at the base of each pedicel and a pair of minute bracts on each pedicel below the middle. Calyx 1.3 cm long, tube campanulate, upper teeth large, triangular, acute, c. 6 mm broad at the base, the lower 3 teeth smaller and less deeply cut, linear-lanceolate, acute. Petals yellow, standard broadly ovate with a strong midrib at the back. Fruit(pod) stalked, linear-oblong, 2.5-5 cm long glabrous; seeds 20-30.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Pathanamthitta, Kollam, Malappuram, Wayanad, Kannur
  Habitat: Deciduous forests and shola margins
  Distribution: Paleotropics
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Thekkuthode, Silent Valley R. F., Thenmalai
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