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  Crotalaria madurensis
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Crotalaria madurensis Wight ex WIght in Wight & Arn., Prodr. 184. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 79. 1876; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 123. 1992; Ansari, Crotalaria India 235. 2008.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Much branched, silky-tomentose subshrubs or shrubs, up to 3 m high; stem terete. Leaves simple, alternate, 5.0-9.5 x 2.5-5.0 cm, elliptic-oblanceolate, obovate or ovate-oblong, broadly rounded or cuneate at base, subacute or obtuse and apiculate at apex, margins ciliate, densely softly golden sericeous on both surfaces; lateral veins ca 12 pairs, joining intra-marginally, depressed above and raised on the lower surface; petioles 7-8 mm long; stipules absent. Panicles terminal and axillary, leafy. 15-30 cm long. Flowers numerous, ca 3 cm long; bracts alternate, ovate-lanceolate or broadly ovate, 0.8-1.0 cm long, acuminate, deeply cordate, amplexicaul, trinerved, yellowish, silky pubescent without, glabrous within, subdeciduous; bracteoles like bracts and adpressed to calyx; pedicels ca 5 mm long, alternate. Calyx deeply lobed, tube 3.5-4.0 mm long, lobes equal or obscurely 2-lipped, divided to base, 0.9-1.2 x 0.4-0.6 cm, upper lip 2-lobed, lobes ovate or elliptic, cordate at base, trinerved, lower 3-lobed, lobes linear-lanceolate or lanceolate, yellowish-brown, densely silky-pubescent, lateral nerves reticulate towards margins, dark coloured when dry. Petals yellow, twice as long as calyx; vexillum ovate-suborbicular, 2-3 x ca 1.5 cm, hairy on the back and along margins; wing petals obovate or obliquely obovate-oblong, ca 2 x 0.8 cm, glabrous; keel petals ovate, ca 2 x 1 cm, beak twisted, hairy on the back and on the margins up to the middle. Staminal sheath 7-8 mm long, sericeous at the apex; free filaments 1-2 cm long; longer anthers oblong, ca 3 mm long; shorter anthers ovoid, ca 0.7 mm long. Ovary sessile or shortly stalked, densely pubescent; style up to 2 cm long; ovules 14-16. Pods subsessile, oblong, 2.5-3.0 cm long, yellowish, pubescent; seeds 10-12.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting:
  District(s): Wayanad
  Habitat: Shola forests and grasslands
  Distribution: Soutthern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 100-1600
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