Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Crotalaria longipes
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Crotalaria longipes Wight & Arn., Prodr. 181. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 76. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 298(210). 1918; Ansari, Crotalaria India 232. 2008.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, up to 3 m high; stems copiously, paniculately branched in upper portion, terete, striate, densely ferrugineous silky pubescent; internodes 0.5-1.5 cm long. Leaves simple, alternate, 1.7-7.5 x 1.0-3.1 cm (smaller in flowering branches, up to 1 cm long), obovate-oblong, elliptic-oblong, elliptic-ovate or oblanceolate, obtuse, subacute or cuneate at base, obtuse, acute or subacute and mucronate or apiculate at apex, moderately and minutely adpressed silky pubescent on both sides, upper side shining and almost silvery; lateral veins 6-8 pairs, distinct on both sides, joining intramarginally; petiole 1-3 mm long, hairy; stipules absent. Panicles terminal and lateral, branches 6-11, stiff, 12-22 cm long. Flowers 1.5-2.0 x 1.0-1.3 cm, 3-4 at the top of each branch, crowded; pedicels alternate, 0.2-1.2 cm long, hairy; bracts foliaceous, reflexed or spreading, one or more at the base of pedicels or sometimes many on the peduncle, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, 4-8 x ca 2.5 mm, acuminate, hairy above, blackish and glabrous beneath, margins involute and sometimes curved in lower portion; bracteoles 2, ovate, ca 3 mm long, closely adpressed to calyx or at about the middle of pedicel, reflexed or spreading, hairy above, glabrous beneath. Calyx-tube ca 3 mm long, sericeous, lobes 2-lipped, upper 2-fid, lower 3-fid, lanceolate, 7-9 mm long, acuminate, incurved upwards, not revolute on margins. Petals yellow, twice as long as calyx; vexillum broadly ovate, 1.7-2.0 x ca 1.5 cm, obtuse-acute at apex, densely ferrugineous silky pubescent above on the whole surface; wing petals oblong, ca 1.5 x 0.4 cm, claw arcuate; keel petals ovate, ca 1.8 x 1.0 cm. Staminal sheath ca 6 mm long; free filaments 0.5-1.0 cm long; longer anthers oblong, ca 3 mm long; shorter anthers ovoid, ca 0.5 mm long. Ovary ca 4 mm long; style ca 1.5 cm long, densely pubescent on sides at the apex; ovules ca 10. Pods stalked, linear-oblong or oblong, 2-3 x 1.0-1.2 cm, nearly glabrous, blackish-brown; stalks 4-7 mm long; seeds 8-12.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: November-January
  District(s): Palakkad
  Habitat: Wet regions in deciduous forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Southern Western Ghats
  IUCN status: Endangered (EN)
Kerala News Online