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  Crotalaria laburnifolia
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Crotalaria laburnifolia L., Sp. Pl. 715. 1753; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 84. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 301(213). 1918; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 172. 1990; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 123. 1992; Ansari, Crotalaria India 321. 2008; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 207. 2009.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kilukilikki
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Shrubs, 1.5-3.0 m tall; branches slender, terete, glabrescent. Leaves alternate, 3-foliolate, 3-5 cm long; leaflets 2.5-4.5 x 1.5-3.0 cm, ovate or elliptic-oblong, obtuse-subacute or cuneate at base, acute or obtuse-subacute and apiculate at apex, glabrous; petioles usually longer than the leaflets; stipule minute, obsolete or absent. Racemes elongated, lax, terminal or lateral, 15-30 cm long. Flowers few, ca 3 x 2 cm; pedicels 1.0-1.5 cm long; bracts linear-setaceous, ca 3 mm long, caducous; bracteoles linear, ca 1 mm long, at the middle of the pedicel. Calyx-tube campanulate, ca 4 mm long, lobes subequal, 4-5 mm long, ovate or lanceolate, turbinate, glabrous, bilobed. Petals bright yellow, often marked with red, twice as long as calyx, glabrous; vexillum ovate, ca 2 x 2.5 cm, claw ca 4 mm long; wing petals obovate-oblong, ca 1.8 x 0.7 cm, apex obtuse; keel petals ca 2 x 1.5 cm, the lower side outcurved with a long straight, incurved, untwisted blunt beak. Staminal sheath ca 1 cm long; free filaments 0.6-1.2 cm long; longer anthers oblong, ca 2.5 mm long; shorter anthers ovoid, ca 1 mm long. Ovary oblong, ca 1.5 cm long with elongate stipe, glabrous; style ca 2 cm long, curved; ovules ca 20. Pods oblong-terete, 3.5-5.0 x 0.7-1.0 cm long, faintly nerved, glabrous; stalk 1.0-2.5 cm long, slender; seeds 15-30, reniform, ca. 3 mm long, yellow.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-April
  District(s): Alappuzha, Malappuram, Palakkad, Thiruvananthapuram
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Along river banks and wastelands
  Distribution: Africa, South East Asia and Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Vandanam
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