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  Crotalaria berteroana
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Crotalaria berteroana DC., Prodr. 2: 127. 1825, "berteriana"; Manilal, Fl. Silent Valley 71. 1988; Sanjappa, Legumes Ind. 117. 1992; Ansari, Crotalaria India 225. 2008; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 272. 2009. Crotalaria fulva Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3: 266.1832; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 80. 1876; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 298(211). 1918.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Cascavelle Jaune
  Description: Erect rigid, branched shrubs, to 2.5 m tall; stem terete, densely fulvous or grey-silky tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, 6-9 x 1.6-2.5 cm, oblanceolate or narrowly elliptic-oblong, apex obtuse, apiculate, tapering to acute base, adpressed silky-hairy, more beneath, more or less glaucous beneath; nerves obscure; petiole 2-3 mm long; stipules linear, persistent. Flowers 1.5-2.5 cm long, yellowish, in axillary or terminal panicles; peduncle to 10 cm long, silky-hairy; pedicels 1 cm long; bract 1; bracteoles 2, each 6 x 3 mm, ovate, acute, persistent, similar to bract, silky without. Calyx 5-lobed, connate, 1.2 cm long, hairy without; upper 2 large, ovate, obtuse; lower 3 narrower. Petals 5, to 2 cm long; standard elliptic, acute, shortly clawed, silky-pubescent, without; wings little shorter than keels, ciliate near base. Stamens 10, monadelphous, split above; anthers dimorphic, alternate longer, Ovary sessile or subsessile, globose, 1-locular; style curved, silky pubescent on lower half and on ovary; stigma dilated. Pod 6 x 5 mm, enclosed; seeds 1 or 2, ca. 5 mm long, curved, violet-brown, shining.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-May
  District(s): Wayanad, Palakkad
  Habitat: Weed in plains
  Distribution: Native of Madagascar, Seychelles, Mauritius and South East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: Yes
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Sispara
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