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  Crotalaria assamica var. keralensis
  Family: FABACEAE/LEGUMINOSAE (Subfam.: Papilionoideae)
  Citation:  Crotalaria assamica Benth. var. keralensis Krishnaraj, N.Mohanan & V.T. Antony, Rheedea 21: 153. 2011.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Subshrubs, c. 1 m high; branches terete, glabrous, lenticellate or with white warts. Leaves alternate, simples, 13-20 x 4.5-8 cm, oblanceolate, cuneate at base, acute or apiculate at apex, glabrous above, sericeous below; midrib slightly raised above; lateral nerves 14-16 pairs; petiole pulvinus terete, c. 6 mm long, sericeous; stipules ovate, c. 2 mm long, caducous. Racemes axillary and terminal, to 25 cm long; peducles 3.5-4 cm long, glabrous; bracts ovate, c. 5 x 2 mm, ciliate at margins, cuspidate at apex; pedicels c. 5 mm long, glabrous; bracteoles 2, acicular, half-way below the pedicel, c. 1.25 mm long, glabrous. Calyx 6-7mm long; tube 2-3 mm long, thickly reticulate-veined; upper lobes ovate-lanceolate, c. 3 mm long, glabrous; lobes of lower lip lanceolate, c. 4 x 2 mm, glabrous. Corolla golden yellow; standard petal suborbicular, 1-1.2 x 1.1 cm, glabrous, claw2 c. 2 mm long, without callosities; wing petals elliptic, c. 1 x 0.6 cm long, obtuse at apex; claw c. 2 mm long, glabrous with inconspicuous lateral ridges; keel petals with twisted beak, c. 1 x 0.6 cm, ciliate at lower margin; claw c. 1.25 mm long. Stamens 10; staminal tube oblique, c. 6 x 4 mm, filaments 3-5 mm long; anthers dimorphic. Ovary sessile or subsessile, oblong, c. 6 x 2 mm, glabrous; ovules many; style geniculate, c. 8 mm long, pubescent at margins towards apex; stigma capitate, c. 0.25 mm. Pod narrowly ellipsoid, c. 5 x 1 cm, inflated; seeds 15-18, reniform, c. 4 x 3 mm.
  Habit: Shrub
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-January
  District(s): Palakkad, Thrissur
  Habitat: Margins of semi-evergreen forests and also in plains
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: 50-1000
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