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  Crataeva magna
  Citation:  Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC., Prodr. 1: 243. 1824; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 71. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 63. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 47. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 65. 1989; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 58. 1990; Sundararagh. in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 324. 1993; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 42. 1996; Sivar. & Mathew, Fl. Nilambur 54. 1997; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 16. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 14. 2002; R. Sundara. & N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 248. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 94. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 117. 2009. Capparis magna Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 330. 1790. Crataeva nurvala Buch.-Ham., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 15: 121. 1827; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 32. 1982; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 56. 2005. Crataeva religiosa var. nurvala (Buch.-Ham.) Hook. f. & Thoms. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 172. 1872. Crataeva adansonii DC. ssp. odora sensu Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 32. 1982, non (Buch.-Ham.) Jacobs, 1964.
  Malayalam Name(s): Neermathalam, Neerval, Mavulangam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Tree leaved caper, Garlic Pear Tree
  Description: Trees, to 10 m high, bark 2-3 mm thick, surface grey, smooth, longitudinally wrinkled. Leaves alternate, digitately trifoliate; rachis 4-12 cm long, slender, grooved above, glabrous; petiolule 4-7 mm long, slender; leaflets 10-20 x 3.5-6 cm, unequal, ovate, ovate-lanceolate or broadly elliptic, base acute, or subacute, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, coriaceous; lateral nerves 9-15 pairs, slender, parallel, prominent, intercostae reticulate, faint. Flowers bisexual, creamy white, in terminal corymbs; pedicel to 5 cm long. Sepals 4, 3 mm long, free, oblong, adnate to the lobed disc. Petals 4, ca. 2 cm long, creamy white, often tinged with purple, long-clawed, obovate. Disc incurved, nectariferous. Stamens many, free, longer than the petals, inserted at the base of gynophore; anthers basifixed, filaments spreading. Gynophore 4-5 cm long at anthesis, slender; ovary superior, ellipsoid, 1-[2]-celled, ovules many; stigma sessile, capitate. Fruit a berry, globose or ovoid, yellowish-grey, rind woody, scurfy, 4-5 x 2.5-3.5 cm; seeds brown, embedded in pulp.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Habitat: River banks in semi-evergreen forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and China
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Creamy, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chimmini, Poringal, Athirapally, Vallakkadavu, Mananthavady, Kuruva Island, Pillackal, Pampa valley, Begur, Kannoth, Taliparamba, Bhavani river bank, Dhoni R. F., Mukkali forests, Thazhakkara, Nedumkayam
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