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  Connarus parameswaranii
  Citation:  Connarus parameswaranii Ramamurthy & Rajan, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 85: 390. 1988; M.S.Mondal in N.P. Singh et al., Fl. India 5: 530. 2000.
  Malayalam Name(s):
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Scandent or spreading shrubs or lianas; bark verrucose, brown-lenticelled; innovations densely brown-tomentose. Leaves alternate, imparipinnate; rachises 5-12 cm long, glabrous; leaflets 3 or 5, ovate, elliptic to obovate or oblong-oblanceolate, narrow and rounded at base, entire at margin, abruptly short-acuminate at apex, 4-15 x 3-7.5 cm, coriaceous, shining, glabrous, greyish brown when dry; midnerve grooved above; lateral nerves 4-6(-7) pairs, slender, ascending or straight and anastomosing at margin, ridged beneath and faint above; lowest pair often opposite at midnerve; petiolules 3-5 mm long, hardened, warty and rugulosely transverse-ridged, brown-tomentose when young, jointed at base. Inflorescences terminal, panicled, ca 16 x 19 cm; main peduncles 1-4 cm long; rachises and branches densely rusty-brown-tomentose; pedicels 5-10 mm long; bracts subulate or lanceolate, densely pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Flowers ca 4 mm across. Sepals 5, connate at base, lanceolate, acute, 3-5 x 1-2 mm, thick, brownish- rusty-tomentose outside, glabrous inside. Petals oblong-lanceolate, acute, 4-7 x 1-2 mm, densely to sparsely tomentose outside, glabrous inside, pale pink or white with pinkish tinge. Stamens 10, all fertile; filaments connate at base, often glandular-dotted, long ones 3.5-4 mm long, short ones 1.5-2 mm; anthers globose, basifixed. Ovary globose, 1.5-2 mm, hairy, 1-loculed; style slender, ca 1 mm long; stigma capitate. Follicles obliquely pyriform, obovoid or ellipsoid, laterally compressed and beaked-apiculate at apex, ca 5 x 2.5 cm, on to 1 cm long thick stalk at base, brown-tomentose when young; valves woody, faintly obtusely ridged, shining and glabrous outside when mature, brown-tomentose inside; ventral suture curved, the dorsal straight; seed 1, lobed-arillate at base.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: January-May
  District(s): Idukki
  Habitat: Evergreen forests
  Distribution: Southern Western Ghats (Kerala)
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Pink, White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to: Kerala
  IUCN status:
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