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  Commiphora caudata var. caudata
  Citation:  Commiphora caudata (Wight & Arn.) Engl. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 4:27.1883, var. caudata; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 171(122).1915; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 62. 1982; V. Chithra & A.N. Henry in Hajra et al., Fl. India 4:443.1997; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 60. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 53. 2002; A.N. Henry & V. Chithra in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 632. 2005; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 202. 2009. Protium caudatum Wight & Arn., Prodr. 176. 1834; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 530. 1875. Protium caudatum Wight & Arn. var. roxburghiana (Wight & Arn.) Bennett in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 530. 1875.
  Malayalam Name(s): Idinjil, Kilimaram, Kilippanjimaram, Kizhingil, Kizhuvam
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Hill mango
  Description: Unarmed (except on old wood) trees, to 15 m high, bark green with reddish-brown stripes, peeling off in thin scales. Leaves imparipinnate, alternate, estipulate; rachis 5-14 cm long, slender, glabrous; leaflets 3-7, opposite, terminal large; petiolule 5-10 mm, slender, glabrous; lamina 2.7-10.5 x 1-5 cm, ovate or ovate-lanceolate, base cuneate, attenuate or acute, apex caudate-acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, chartaceous; lateral nerves 6-10 pairs, parallel, slender, prominent, intercostae reticulate, prominent. Flowers polygamous, small, greenish-yellow, in lax dichotomous axillary panicles; bracts 2, opposite, glandular-hairy; calyx tube narrowly campanulate, fused with disc, glandular-hairy; lobes 4, as long as tube, deltoid; petals 4, broadly linear, reflexed at apex; disc cupular; stamens 8, free, inserted on the margins of disc, alternately long and short; anthers oblong; ovary superior, oblong or ovoid, attenuate into style, 2-celled, ovules 2 in each cell; stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a drupe, globose or ellipsoid, red when ripe with two white longitudinal lines, mesocarp yellow, rarely orange, pyrenes ovoid; seeds solitary.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: March-October
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests, also grown in the plains
  Distribution: India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow, Red
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Muthuvanala, Chinnar, Kuchimudi
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