Home Kerala Plants - DVD Search Kerala Plants Exotic Plants Garden Plants Trees Shrubs Climbers Medicinal Plants
Search Kerala Plants
Exotic Plants
Garden Plants
Medicinal Plants
Geology & Soil
Garden Plants Kerala
50 Top Garden Plants
25 Herb Garden Plants
25 Shrub Garden Plants
15 Climber Garden Plants
10 Top Tree Grden Plants
  Cochlospermum religiosum
  Citation:  Cochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston in Trimen, Handb. Fl. Ceylon 6 (Suppl.): 14. 1931; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 36. 1982; Paul & Nayar in Nayar et al., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 19: 16. 1988; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 58. 1990; N.P. Balakr. in B.D. Sharma & N.P. Balakr., Fl. India 2: 383. 1993; Sasidh. et al., Bot. Stud. Med. Pl. Kerala 10,16. 1996; Sasidh. & Sivar., Fl. Pl. Thrissur For. 43. 1996; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 16. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 22. 1999; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 14. 2002; N.P. Balakr. in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 259. 2005. Bombax religiosum L., Sp. Pl. 512. 1753. Cochlospermum gossypium DC., Prodr. 1: 527. 1824; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 90. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 50(36). 1915.
  Malayalam Name(s): Appakudukka, Apparuthakka, Chembanji, Kokkamaram, Parapanji, Parappoola, Seemapanjimaram
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Golden Silk cotton tree, Yellow Silk cotton tree, Torch wood
  Description: Deciduous trees, to 10 m tall, bark 20-25 mm thick, surface dark grey, fibrous; branchlets thick. Leaves simple, palmately 3-5 lobed, alternate, estipulate; petiole 6-20 cm long, stout, swollen at base, pubescent; lamina 5-15 x 7-20 cm, base cordate, lobes, elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, tips acute or acuminate, margin entire or crenate, serrate, glabrous above, densely white tomentose below, coriaceous; 5-7 nerved from the base, palmate, lateral nerves 7-10 in each lobe, parallel, prominent, intercostae scalariform, faint. Flowers bisexual, 7.5-10 cm across, bright yellow, in grey tomentose terminal panicles; sepals 5, 2.5 x 1.5 cm, unequal, obovate, densely tomentose, deciduous; petals 5, 5 x 3 cm, obovate, deeply emarginate, contorted; stamens many, inserted on an eglandular disc, shortly connate at base into 8-10 clusters; filaments 1.5-2.5 cm long; anthers linear, opening by apical slit; ovary superior, globose, glabrate, 3-5-celled, ovules many; style 1, to 1 cm, filiform; stigma somewhat lobed. Fruit a capsule, 6-8 x 4.5-5.5 cm, 5-valved, obovoid, pear shaped, straight, leathery, brown; seeds many, 6 mm long, black, curved, embedded in white cotton.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: February-March
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Moist and dry deciduous forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Peechi, Vellanimala, Palapetty, Mangaladevi, Dhoni R. F., Vengoli, Chitoor-Agali area
Kerala News Online