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  Cocculus laurifolius
  Citation:  Cocculus laurifolius DC., Syst. Nat. 1: 530. 1817; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 101. 1872; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 29(21). 1915; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 51. 1990; Gangop. in B. D. Sharma et al., Fl. India 1: 319. 1993; Swarup. et al., Shola For. Kerala 60. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Periyar Tiger Reserve 12. 1998; Sasidh., Fl. Parambikulam WLS 7. 2002; M. Mohanan in P. Daniel, Fl. Kerala 1: 181. 2005.
  Malayalam Name(s): Aadukolli, Marpinki
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s):
  Description: Trees up to 6 m tall; branches drooping; branchlets glabrous. Leaves simple, alternate, spiral; petiole 3-8 mm, slender; lamina 7-12 x 3-5.5 cm, elliptic or elliptic-oblanceolate, base acute or cuneate, apex acute or acuminate, margin entire, glabrous, shining above, chartaceous; basal nerves 3, strong, almost parallel to the margin beyond the middle of lamina; intercostae reticulate, slender, faint. Flowers unisexual, in axillary panicles; sepals 6, ovate, obtuse; petals 6, 2 x 1.5 mm, broadly obtuse, glabrous; stamens 6 in male flowers; free, anthers ovate, within curved margins; staminodes 12 in female flowers, seriate, outer staminodes ovate, tri lobed, with a small middle-lobe; inner smaller, cup shaped; ovaries 3, free, curved, 1-ovuled; stigma sessile, curved out. Fruit a drupe, rotund, glabrous, depressed at either ends; seed 1; endocarp with small curved aperture on both sides, finely ridged on dorsal surface.
  Habit: Tree
  Flowering & Fruiting: October-July
  District(s): Palakkad, Idukki
  Habitat: Evergreen and shola forests
  Distribution: Indo-Malesia and East Asia
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): Yellow
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: No
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Altitude: -1500
  Localities: Vellimala, Muddalakottithode, Pezha, Chinnakanal, Anavayee forests
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