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  Coccinia grandis
  Citation:  Coccinia grandis (L.) Voight, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. 59. 1845; Chakrav., Fasc. Fl. Ind. 11: 24. 1982; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. Calicut 121. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Quilon Dist. 194. 1984; Ansari, Fl. Kasaragod Div. 174. 1985; Ramach. & V.J. Nair, Fl. Cannanore Dist. 198. 1988; Antony, Syst. Stud. Fl. Kottayam Dist. 176. 1989; Babu, Fl. Malappuram Dist. 286. 1990; Vajr., Fl. Palghat Dist. 212. 1990; M. Mohanan & Henry, Fl. Thiruvanthapuram 208. 1994; Sasidh., Fl. Chinnar WLS 135. 1999; Anil Kumar et al., Fl. Pathanamthitta 234. 2005; Sunil & Sivadasan, Fl. Alappuzha Dist. 318. 2009; Ratheesh Narayanan, Fl. Stud. Wayanad Dist. 389. 2009. Bryonia grandis L., Mant. 1: 126. 1767. Coccinia indica Wight & Arn., Prodr. 347. 1834; Gamble, Fl. Pres. Madras 537(379). 1919. Cephalandra indica (Wight & Arn.) Naud., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 5, 16. 1866; Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 2: 621. 1879. Coccinia cordifolia (L.) Cogn. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 3: 529. 1881.
  Malayalam Name(s): Kova, Koval
  Tamil name(s):
  English name(s): Ivy gourd, Scarlet gourd, Tindora
  Description: Extensive vine; tendrils simple. Leaves 3-7 x 3-5 cm, palmately 3-5-lobed or angled, broadly ovate to orbicular in outline, base cordate, margin denticulate, apex acute, upper surface punctate, lower surface glandular; petiole 2.5-5 cm long. Flowers axillary, solitary. Male flower: calyx tube 4-5 mm long, campanulate, lobes 5, subulate; corolla white, 2.5-3.5 cm long, campanulate, villous; stamens 3, inserted below the calyx-tube, filaments connate, anthers flexouse; pistillode absent. Female flowers: calyx-tube campanulate; corolla white; ovary 1-1.3 cm long, oblong, glandular pubescent; ovules many, horizontal; style 6-7 mm long, slender; stigma 3-partite, densely papillose. Fruit 4-5 x 2-2.5 cm, ovoid-oblong; pulp red. Seeds 6-7 mm long, oblong, compressed.
  Habit: Climber
  Flowering & Fruiting: December-April
  District(s): All Districts
  Medicinal: Yes
  Habitat: Dry deciduous forests and wastelands, also cultivated
  Distribution: Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
  Aquatic: No
  Epiphyte(s): No
  Saprophyte: No
  Stem parasite: No
  Root parasite: No
  Flower colour(s): White
  Weed: No
  Monocot/Dicot: Dicotyledonous Plants
  Exotic: No
  Garden: No
  Edible: No
  Vegetable: Yes
  Endemic to:
  IUCN status:
  Localities: Chinnar, Adoor, Nileswar, Manantody, Olavakkot, Alleppey town
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